Genetic counselling is the process by which patients or relatives at risk of an inherited disorder are advised of the consequences and nature of the disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting it, and the options open to them in management and family planning. This process considers the occurrence, or over the risk of occurrence of a possible genetic disorder in a family.
This process, carried out by a trained person, is intended to help the patients or their families to:
A personal and family history of the disorder that is consulted will be developed in the genetic counselling session. It is therefore desirable to provide all possible reports available in relation to the disease concerning all the relatives having the same disorder.
During the consultation the disease will be explained in detail and any doubt you or your family may have will be answered. Once the consultation process is completed, or within the next few days, you will receive a report summarizing the information provided.
If it is necessary to perform a genetic test, samples of the patient and the family will be collected, usually blood (no preparation is necessary) or saliva, except in cases of prenatal diagnostic where amniotic samples could be required. Once the results of the genetic test were completed, you will be appointed to become informed of these results.